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Adolescent Peer Victimization and PTSD Risk

Author(s):

Susan Marie DaSilva and Courtney Keeler   Pages 1 - 19 ( 19 )

Abstract:


Background: While a large body of literature has investigated peer victimization among adolescents, as it has been linked to depression and suicidal ideation, relatively little is known about peer victimization as a risk factor for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Even less is known about the long-term effect that peer victimization has on adolescents.

Methods: This manuscript presents the results of a systematic review exploring the association between peer victimization during adolescence and the risk for PTSD. The literature review synthesizes all relevant studies found on this topic and summarizes the findings.

Results: The findings suggest a potential association between peer victimization and PTSD, highlighting the need for further research. As such, the topic warrants further evaluation and study from researchers, educators, and clinicians. The findings also emphasize the need to screen victimized adolescents for symptoms of PTSD, given its potential detrimental effects.

Conclusions: Identifying and assessing particular vulnerabilities in victimized adolescents may prevent PTSD and other mental disorders. Directions for future research are proposed.

Keywords:

peer victimization, bullying, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), posttraumatic symptoms, adolescents, teenagers, school-age children, mental illness, trauma.

Affiliation:

University of San Francisco - School of Nursing and Health Professions San Francisco, CA,United States.



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