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Instructions for Authors

ONLINE MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION

Any topic relevant to adolescent development and psychopathology is appropriate for submission to Adolescent Psychiatry. Its primary readership comprises of clinicians who work with adolescents. Authors are welcome to submit abstracts on-line which will be reviewed and authors given feedback regarding the appropriateness of the topic and advisability of submitting a manuscript. Please read the instructions for preparation and submission of manuscripts carefully. Manuscripts that do not conform to these guidelines will be returned to the author for correction before being considered for publication.

Author Form It is mandatory that a signed Authorship / Copyright / Disclosure / Acknowledgment Form also be submitted along with the manuscript by the corresponding author. Click here to download this form

MANUSCRIPTS SUBMISSION AND REVIEW

All manuscripts must be submitted electronically to http://jms.eurekaselect.com/Login/show_login. The editor is happy to provide preliminary feedback as to the appropriateness of a topic for the journal prior to formal submission of a manuscript and may be contacted at loisflaherty@gmail.com. Submitted articles that have passed preliminary screening for topicality and readability will undergo blind peer review by at least 3 reviewers. The usual review period is 6 weeks. Papers accepted for publication are typeset and proofs are dispatched to authors for any corrections prior to final publication.

EDITORIAL POLICIES

For journals and eBooks, the following publication policies are applied by Bentham Science.

Peer Review

Bentham Science Publishers follows the single blind peer-review procedure for submissions of all manuscripts to its journals, except for a selected number of patent journals where double blind review is followed.

All submitted articles/eBook chapters are subjected to an extensive peer review in consultation with members of the journal’s editorial board and independent external referees (usually three reviewers). All manuscripts/chapters are assessed rapidly and the decision based on all the peer reviewers' comments, taken by the journal’s Editor-in-Chief/eBook Editor, is then conveyed to the author(s).

Submissions from the Editor-in-Chief will undergo independent peer-review and will be submitted to another Editor for his decision on acceptance.

Copyediting and Proofs

Articles and eBook chapters must be written in good English in a clear and correct style in order to maintain uniformity throughout the text. Articles/chapters submitted are copyedited before they are published.

Reprints

High-quality, bound/unbound, print/e-prints can be purchased for all published articles and book chapters.

Editorial Policies

Articles/chapters must be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript, and should not be submitted by anyone on their behalf. The principal/corresponding author will be required to submit a Copyright Letter along with the manuscript, on behalf of all the co-authors (if any). The author(s) will confirm that the manuscript (or any part of it) has not been published previously or is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. Furthermore, any illustration, structure or table that has been published elsewhere must be reported, and copyright permission for reproduction must be obtained.

Appeals and Complaints

Generally, the editorial decisions are not reverted. However, authors who think that their manuscript was rejected due to a misunderstanding or mistake may seek an explanation for the decision. Appeals must give sound reasoning and compelling evidence against the criticism raised in the rejection letter. A difference of opinion as to the interest, novelty, or suitability of the manuscript for the journal will not be considered as an appeal. The EIC and other relevant editors will consider the appeal and the decision thereafter taken by the journal will be deemed final. Acceptance of the manuscript is not guaranteed even if the journal agrees to reconsider the manuscript, and the reconsideration process may involve previous or new reviewers or editors and substantive revision.

Authors who wish to make a complaint should refer them to the Editor-in-Chief of the journal concerned. Complaints to the Publisher may be emailed to info@benthamscience.org

Conflict of Interest

Financial contributions to the work being reported should be clearly acknowledged, as should any potential conflict of interest.

Plagiarism Prevention

Bentham Science uses the iThenticate software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. iThenticate software checks content against a database of periodicals, the Internet, and a comprehensive article database. It generates a similarity report, highlighting the percentage of overlap between the uploaded article and the published material. Any instance of content overlap is further scrutinized for suspected plagiarism according to the publisher’s Editorial Policies. Bentham Science allows an overall similarity of 20% for a manuscript to be considered for publication. The similarity percentage is further checked keeping the following important points in view

Low Text Similarity

The text of every submitted manuscript is checked using the Content Tracking mode in iThenticate. The Content Tracking mode ensures that manuscripts with an overall low percentage similarity (but may have a higher similarity from a single source) are not overlooked. The acceptable limit for similarity of text from a single source is 5%. If the similarity level is above 5%, the manuscript is returned to the author for paraphrasing the text and citing the original source of the copied material.

It is important to mention that the text taken from different sources with an overall low similarity percentage will be considered as a plagiarized content if the majority of the article is a combination of copied material.

High Text Similarity

There may be some manuscripts with an overall low similarity percentage, but a higher percentage from a single source. A manuscript may have less than 20% overall similarity but there may be 15% similar text taken from a single article. The similarity index in such cases is higher than the approved limit for a single source. Authors are advised to thoroughly rephrase the similar text and properly cite the original source to avoid plagiarism and copyright violation.

Types of Plagiarism

We all know that scholarly manuscripts are written after thorough review of previously published articles. It is therefore not easy to draw a clear boundary between legitimate representation and plagiarism. However, the following important features can assist in identifying different kinds of plagiarized content. These are:

  • Reproduction of others words, sentences, ideas or findings as one’s own without proper acknowledgement.
  • Text recycling, also known as self-plagiarism. It is an author’s use of a previous publication in another paper without proper citation and acknowledgement of the original source.
  • Poor paraphrasing: Copying complete paragraphs and modifying a few words without changing the structure of original sentences or changing the sentence structure but not the words.
  • Verbatim copying of text without putting quotation marks and not acknowledging the work of the original author.
  • Properly citing a work but poorly paraphrasing the original text is considered as unintentional plagiarism. Similarly, manuscripts with language somewhere between paraphrasing and quoting are not acceptable. Authors should either paraphrase properly or quote and in both cases, cite the original source.
  • Higher similarity in the abstract, introduction, materials and methods, and discussion and conclusion sections indicates that the manuscript may contain plagiarized text. Authors can easily explain these parts of the manuscript in many ways. However, technical terms and sometimes standard procedures cannot be rephrased; therefore Editors must review these sections carefully before making a decision.

Plagiarism in Published Manuscripts

Published manuscripts which are found to contain plagiarized text are retracted from the journal’s website after careful investigation and approval by the Editor-in-Chief of the journal. A ‘Retraction Note’ as well as a link to the original article is published on the electronic version of the plagiarized manuscript and an addendum with retraction notification in the particular journal.

Copyright and License
Open Access Plus (Subscription Journals and eBooks)

Accepted articles can be published online for free open access. Open access publishing provides maximum dissemination of the article to the largest audience. All authors will be asked to indicate whether or not they wish to pay to have their paper made freely available on publication. If authors do not select the 'Open Access Plus' option, then their article will be published with standard subscription-based access.

Copyright (Subscription Journals and eBooks)

Editors/Authors who contribute in a Bentham’s Journal/eBook will transfer copyright to their work to Bentham Science Publishers. Submission of a manuscript to the respective journals implies that all editors/authors have read and agreed to the content of the copyright letter.

Ethical Approval of Studies and Informed Consent

For human or animal experimental investigations, it is a prerequisite to provide a formal review and approval, or review and waiver, by an appropriate institutional review board or ethics committee, which should be documented in the paper. For investigations undertaken on human subjects, the manner in which the informed consent was obtained from the study participants (i.e., oral or written) should be stated in the Methods section.

Authors are encouraged to obtain patient consent when they use confidential case material. Consent is not necessary in the case of very brief case vignettes which do not contain identifying information or if the case material is disguised sufficiently to prevent identification of the patient.

In obtaining consent, the author(s) should discuss the purpose(s) of publication, the possible risks and benefits to the patient and the patient's right to withhold or withdraw consent. In the case of a minor patient, consent should be obtained from the parent(s) or guardian(s).

Standard Protocol on Approvals, Registrations, Patients Consents & Animal Protection

All clinical investigations must be conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki principles. Authors must comply with the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (www.icmje.org) with regard to the patient’s consent for research or participation in a study. Patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers must not be mentioned anywhere in the manuscript (including figures). Editors may request that authors provide documentation of the formal review and recommendation from the institutional review board or ethics committee responsible for oversight of the study.

Errata and Corrections in Published Articles

Authors and readers are encouraged to notify the Editor-in-Chief if they find errors in published content, authors’ names and affiliations or if they have reasons for concern over the legitimacy of a publication. In such cases the journal will publish an ERRATUM in consultation with Editor-in-Chief and authors of the article, and/or replace or retract the article.

Article Withdrawal

Articles in Press (articles that have been accepted for publication or published as E-pub Ahead of Schedule but which have not been formally published with volume/issue/page information) that include errors, or are determined to violate the publishing ethics guidelines such as multiple submission, fake claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like, may be “Withdrawn” from the journal. Withdrawal means that the article files are removed and replaced with a PDF stating that the article has been withdrawn from the journal in accordance with BSP Editorial Policies.

Article Retraction

Published articles (with volume/issue/page information) which may contain infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submissions, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like are retracted.

  • A retraction note titled “Retraction: [article title]” signed by the authors and/or the Editor-in-Chief is published in the paginated part of a subsequent issue of the journal and listed in the contents list.
  • In the electronic version, a link is made to the original article.
  • The online article is preceded by a screen containing the retraction note. It is to this screen that the link resolves; the reader can then proceed to the article itself.
  • The original article is retained unchanged with a watermark on the PDF indicating on each page that it is “retracted.”
  • The HTML version of the document is removed.

Redundant (multiple) publication/ Re-publication

Abstracts and posters of conferences, results presented at meetings (for example, to inform investigators or participants about findings), results databases (data without interpretation, discussion, context or conclusions in the form of tables and text to describe data/information where this is not easily presented in tabular form) are not considered prior publication.

Authors who wish to publish translations of the articles that have been published elsewhere should ensure that they have appropriate permission(s), indicate clearly that the material has been translated and re-published, and indicate clearly the original source of the material. The Editor-in-Chief may request copies of related publications if he/she is concerned about overlap and possible redundancy.

PERMISSION FOR REPRODUCTION

Bentham Science has collaborated with the Copyright Clearance Center to meet its customer’s licensing, besides rights & permission needs.

The Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink® service makes it faster and easier to secure permission from Bentham Science journal titles. Simply visit Journals by Title and locate the desired content. Then go to the article’s abstract and click on “Rights and Permissions” to open the RightsLink’s page. If you are unable to locate the content you wish to use or are unable to secure the rights you are seeking, please e-mail us at permissions@benthamscience.org

Published/reproduced material should not be included unless written permission has been obtained from the copyright holder, which should be forwarded to the Editorial Office in case of acceptance of the article for publication.

Disclaimer

Responsibility for the content published by Bentham Science Publishers in any of its journals, including any opinions expressed therein, rests exclusively with the author(s) of such content. To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, BSP (on its own behalf, and on behalf of its staff and members of its editorial board) disclaims responsibility for any and all injury and/or damage (whether financial or otherwise) to persons or property, resulting directly or indirectly from any ideas, methods, instructions or products (including errors in the same) referred to in the content of any of BSP’s journals. Any dispute arising, including any claim shall be governed exclusively by the laws of the United Arab Emirates, as applied in the Emirate of Sharjah.

COPYRIGHT / SELF-ARCHIVING POLICY

COPYRIGHT

Authors who publish in Bentham Science print & online journals will transfer copyright to their work to Bentham Science Publishers. Submission of a manuscript to the respective journals implies that all authors have read and agreed to the content of the Copyright Letter or the Terms and Conditions. It is a condition of publication that manuscripts submitted to this journal have not been published and will not be simultaneously submitted or published elsewhere. Plagiarism is strictly forbidden, and by submitting the article for publication the authors agree that the publishers have the legal right to take appropriate action against the authors, if plagiarism or fabricated information is discovered. By submitting a manuscript the authors agree that the copyright of their article is transferred to the publishers if and when the article is accepted for publication. Once submitted to the journal, the author will not withdraw their manuscript at any stage prior to publication.

COPYRIGHT LETTER

It is mandatory that a signed copyright letter also be submitted along with the manuscript by the author to whom correspondence is to be addressed, delineating the scope of the submitted article declaring the potential competing interests, acknowledging contributions from authors and funding agencies, and certifying that the paper is prepared according to the 'Instructions for Authors'. All inconsistencies in the text and in the reference section, and any typographical errors must be carefully checked and corrected before the submission of the manuscript. The article should not contains any such material or information that may be unlawful, defamatory, fabricated, plagiarized, or which would, if published, in any way whatsoever, violate the terms and conditions as laid down in the copyright agreement. The authors acknowledge that the publishers have the legal right to take appropriate action against the authors for any such violation of the terms and conditions as laid down in the copyright agreement. Download the Copyright letter

PERMISSION FOR REPRODUCTION

Bentham Science has collaborated with the Copyright Clearance Center to meet our customer’s licensing, besides rights & permission needs.

The Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink® service makes it faster and easier to secure permission from Bentham Science’s journal titles. Simply visit Journals by Title and locate the desired content. Then go to the article’s abstract and click on “Rights and Permissions” to open the RightsLink’s page. If you are unable to locate the content you wish to use or you are unable to secure the rights you are seeking, please e-mail us at permissions@benthamscience.org

Published/reproduced material should not be included unless written permission has been obtained from the copyright holder, which should be forwarded to the Editorial Office in case of acceptance of the article for publication.

SELF-ARCHIVING

By signing the Copyright Letter the authors retain the rights of self-archiving. Following are the important features of self-archiving policy of Bentham Science journals

  1. Authors can deposit the first draft of a submitted article on their personal websites, their institution’s repositories or any non-commercial repository for personal use, internal institutional use or for permitted scholarly posting.
  2. Authors may deposit the ACCEPTED VERSION of the peer-reviewed article on their personal websites, their institution’s repository or any non-commercial repository such as PMC, arXiv after 12 MONTHS of publication on the journal website. In addition, an acknowledgement must be given to the original source of publication and a link should be inserted to the published article on the journal's/publisher’s website.
  3. If the research is funded by NIH, Wellcome Trust or any other Open Access Mandate, authors are allowed the archiving of published version of manuscripts in an institutional repository after the mandatory embargo period. Authors should first contact the Editorial Office of the journal for information about depositing a copy of the manuscript to a repository. Consistent with the copyright agreement, Bentham Science does not allow archiving of FINAL PUBLISHED VERSION of manuscripts.
  4. The link to the original source of publication should be provided by inserting the DOI number of the article in the following sentence: “The published manuscript is available at EurekaSelect via http://www.eurekaselect.com/openurl/content.php?genre=article&doi= [insert DOI]
  5. There is no embargo on the archiving of articles published under the OPEN ACCESS PLUS category. Authors are allowed deposition of such articles on institutional, non-commercial repositories and personal websites immediately after publication on the journal website.

MANUSCRIPTS PUBLISHED

Original Research

Research articles should present data not published elsewhere. Research can be qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods. Article length can be 4000-8000 words with 75 or more references excluding figures, structures, photographs, schemes, tables etc. Each manuscript should clearly state an objective or hypothesis; the design and methods (including the study setting and dates, patients or participants with inclusion and exclusion criteria, or data sources, and how these were selected for the study); the essential features of any interventions; the main outcome measures; the main results of the study; a comment section placing the results in context with the published literature and addressing study limitations; and the conclusions. Data included in research reports must be original.

Reviews

Reviews of important topics in adolescent psychiatry are accepted as submissions or are solicited by the editor. They should be 8000-9000 words with 100 or more references, and for mini-review articles from 3000 to 6000 words with 100 or more references excluding figures, structures, photographs, schemes, tables etc. Authors should contact the editor prior to submitting a review article. It is important that the review article not duplicate existing reviews and also provide critical appraisal of the literature and identify gaps in knowledge and areas of controversy. Scholarly theoretical papers that address important areas of adolescent development and/or psychopathology are welcomed.

Commentaries

These can cover a variety of topics that are relevant to adolescent mental health. Usual length is 3000 words.

Clinical perspectives

Clinical perspectives may involve case reports or case series, in which the case(s) is/are used to illustrate and discuss a clinical question, or aspect(s) of a disorder. These articles describe clinical manifestations, history, and differential diagnosis, and should include a review of the literature pertaining to the clinical problem, associated psychosocial contributing factors, prognosis, treatment and prevention.

Letters to the Editor

400 words including references.

Case Reports

Case reports should describe new observations of findings or novel/unique outcomes relevant to the filed. The total number of words for a published case report is 1500 to 2000 words with 20 or more references.

Single Topic Issues

These special issues are peer-reviewed and may contain invited or uninvited review/mini-review articles. A Single Topic Issue Editor will offer a short perspective and co-ordinate the solicitation of manuscripts between 3-5 (for a mini-thematic issue) to 6-10 (for full-length thematic issue) from leading scientists. Authors interested in editing a single topic issue in an emerging topic of Adolescent Psychiatry may submit their proposal to the Editor-in-Chief at thematicissue@benthamscience.org for consideration.

MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION

The manuscript should be written in English in a clear, direct and active style. Microsoft Word® is the preferred file format for submission of manuscript. Double-space the entire copy, including title page, abstract, list of references, tables, and figure captions in a 10 point font size using Times New Roman 12-point font. The manuscript style must be uniform throughout the text. After the title page, number pages consecutively throughout including the reference pages, tables, and figure legends. Other than for the title page and financial disclosure, blinding is the responsibility of the author. Files should be labeled with appropriate and descriptive file names (e.g. SmithText.doc, SmithFig1.pdf). There is no restriction on the number of figures, tables or additional files e.g. video clips, animation and datasets, that can be included with each article online. Authors should include all relevant supporting data with each article (Refer to Supplementary Material section).

The manuscript file should be uploaded in its native format, such as *.DOC.

Manuscripts with serious deficiencies in English may be returned without review. Our contracted service provider Eureka Science can provide assistance to authors for the preparation of manuscripts, including editing of manuscripts for non-English speaking authors.

MANUSCRIPT SECTIONS FOR PAPERS

Manuscripts submitted for research and review articles in the respective journal should be divided into the following sections

  • Title
  • Title page
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Text
  • List of Abbreviations (if any)
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Appendices
  • Figures/Illustrations (if any)
  • Tables (if any)
  • Supportive/Supplementary Material (if any)
Title

The title of the article should be precise and brief and must not be more than 120 characters. Authors should avoid the use of non-standard abbreviations and question marks in titles. The first letter of each word should be in capital letters except for articles, conjunctions and prepositions.

Authors should also provide a short 'running title with no more than 80 characters'. Title, running title, byline, correspondent footnote, and keywords should be written as presented in the original manuscript.

Title Page

Title page should include paper title, each author(s) full name and institutional affiliation and location, For multiple authors, place a superscript after each author’s name and indicate the institutional affiliation below. Place an asterisk following the name of the principal/corresponding author, and include the statement.

*Address correspondence to this author at: address, along with phone, fax and email. Please see example.

Structured Abstract

The abstract of an article should be its clear, concise and accurate summary, having no more than 250 words, and including the explicit sub-headings (as in-line or run-in headings in bold). Use of abbreviations should be avoided and the references should not be cited in the abstract. Ideally, each abstract should include the following sub-headings, but these may vary according to requirements of the article.

  • Background
  • Objective
  • Method
  • Results
  • Conclusion
Keywords

6 to 8 keywords must be provided. Choose important and relevant keywords that researchers in your field will be searching for so that your paper will appear in a database search. In biomedical fields, MeSH terms are a good ‘common vocabulary’ source to draw keywords from https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/meshhome.html.

FORMATTING OF MANUSCRIPT
Headings

Following the introduction, papers should be divided into appropriate sections with headings. For a typical research paper, main headings would be Method, Results and Discussion. For a review article, headings might include Literature Review, Case Examples, Discussion, and Summary. The Discussion section should include implications for clinical practice, recommendations or guidelines, and needs for further study

Level 1 headings (for the main sections) are centered, boldface, with all letters capitalized

Level 2 headings are flush with left margin, boldface, first letter of each word capitalized (title case).

Level 3 headings are indented, boldface, capitalize only the first letter of sentence or phrase, end with a period. These headings are sometimes referred to as paragraph or run-in headings. Although they end with a period (or other punctuation) they need not be complete sentences or grammatically correct.

Examples

METHOD (Level 1)

Sample and Participant Selection (level 2)

The sample consisted of adolescents who presented in our clinic with problem eating. All adolescents and their families who were identified at the time of the initial intake interview as having had problem eating were offered the opportunity to participate in this study. "Problem eating" was defined as a positive reply to the question, "Have you ever been concerned that you (your family member) might have an eating problem."

Assessments and Measures (level 2)

Family observation protocol. Families were observed eating a meal together in their homes. (Level 3)

Rating scales. The Rating Scale for Family Interaction (Smith, 008) was used to record observations. (Level 3)

Style

The full term for an abbreviation should precede its first appearance in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement. For example, Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with significant functional impairment. BPD can be difficult to recognize in some patients.

Use the generic term for a drug. When it is necessary to refer to the proprietary name, list it in parentheses after the generic term, followed by the register mark (®).Italics should be used for Binomial names of organisms (Genus and Species), for emphasis and for unfamiliar words or phrases. Non-assimilated words from Latin or other languages should also be italicized e.g. per se, et al. etc.

Quotations

When material is quoted directly, the original material should be followed exactly, including all punctuation and italics. Quotations must be taken from the edition of the book that is listed in the references. All quoted passages must be followed by source page numbers.

Short quoted passages

(Fewer than 6 typewritten lines) should be incorporated into the text. The attribution, with the date in parentheses, should, whenever possible, precede the quote as part of the text; the page number, in parentheses, should follow the closing quotation marks, which are followed by the final period, e.g., Freud (1933) wrote, ". . ." (p. 5).

Longer passages should be indented and set off from the rest of the text in a separate paragraph.

Use of his/her

Wherever possible and reasonable, sexist writing should be avoided by making sentences plural. When speaking of the therapeutic dyad, however, you will have to use singular pronouns. The therapist may always be a female and the patient always male, or vice versa; him or her can be used when doing so doesn't make for too awkward a sentence.

Greek Symbols and Special Characters

Greek symbols and special characters often undergo formatting changes and get corrupted or lost during preparation of manuscript for publication. To ensure that all special characters used are embedded in the text, these special characters should be inserted as a symbol but should not be a result of any format styling (Symbol font face) otherwise they will be lost during conversion to PDF/XML.

Conclusion

A small paragraph summarizing the contents of the article, presenting the final outcome of the research or proposing further study on the subject, may be given at the end of the article under the Conclusion section.

INTRODUCTION

The Introduction section should include the background and aims of the research in a comprehensive manner.

Section Headings

Section headings should be numbered sequentially, left aligned and have the first letter capitalized, starting with the introduction. Sub-section headings however, should be in lower-case and italicized with their initials capitalized. They should be numbered as 1.1, 1.2, etc. A page break may be inserted to keep a heading along with its text.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

This section provides details of the methodology used along with information on any previous efforts with corresponding references. Any details for further modifications and research should be included.

EXPERIMENTAL

Repeated information should not be reported in the text of an article. A calculation section must include experimental data, facts and practical development from a theoretical perspective.

RESULTS

Results should be precise.

DISCUSSION

This should explore the significance of the results of the work, and present reproducible procedure. Extensive citations and discussion of published literature should be avoided.

The Results and discussions may be presented individually or combined in a single section with short and informative headings.

Supportive/Supplementary Material

We do encourage authors to append supportive material, for example a PowerPoint file containing a talk about the study, a PowerPoint file containing additional screenshots, a Word, RTF, or PDF document showing the original instrument(s) used, a video, or the original data (SAS/SPSS files, Excel files, Access Db files etc.) provided it is endorsed by the journal's Editor. A bibliography of additional resources or recommended reading other than that included in the reference list may also be included with the approval of the Editor.

Supportive/Supplementary material intended for publication must be numbered and referred to in the manuscript but should not be a part of the submitted paper. In-text citations as well as a section with the heading "Supportive/Supplementary Material" before the "References" section should be provided. Here, list all Supportive/Supplementary Material and include a brief caption line for each file describing its contents.

Any additional files will be linked to the final published article in the form supplied by the author, but will not be displayed within the paper. They will be made available in exactly the same form as originally provided only on our Web site. Please also make sure that each additional file is a single table, figure or movie (please do not upload linked worksheets or PDF files larger than one sheet). Supportive/ Supplementary material must be provided in a single zipped file not larger than 4 MB.

Authors must clearly indicate if these files are not for publication but meant for the reviewers'/editors' perusal only.

DECLARATION OF INTEREST/FUNDING SOURCES

Conflict of Interest

Financial contributions and any potential conflict of interest must be clearly acknowledged under the heading ‘Conflict of Interest’. Authors must list the source(s) of funding for the study. This should be done for each author.

Acknowledgements

All individuals listed as authors must have contributed substantially to the design, performance, analysis, or reporting of the work and are required to indicate their specific contribution. Anyone (individual/company/institution) who has substantially contributed to the study for important intellectual content, or who was involved in the article’s drafting the manuscript or revising must also be acknowledged.

Guest or honorary authorship based solely on position (e.g. research supervisor, departmental head) is discouraged.

The specific requirements for authorship have been defined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors www.icmje.org Examples of authors' contributions are: 'designed research/study', 'performed research/study', 'contributed important reagents', 'collected data', 'analyzed data', 'wrote paper' etc. This information must be included in the submitted manuscript as a separate paragraph under the heading ‘Acknowledgements’. The corresponding author is responsible for obtaining permission from all co-authors for the submission of any version of the manuscript and for any changes in the authorship.

ETHICS

Standard Protocol on Approvals, Registrations, Patient Consents & Animal Protection: All clinical investigations must be conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki principles. Authors must comply with the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (www.icmje.org/) with regard to the patient's consent for research or participation in a study. Patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers must not be mentioned anywhere in the manuscript (including figures). Editors may request that authors provide documentation of the formal review and recommendation from the institutional review board or ethics committee responsible for oversight of the study.

In addition to the standard patient consent for participation in research, authors are responsible for obtaining patient consent-to-disclose forms for all recognizable patients in photographs, videos, or other information that may be published in the Journal, in derivative works, or on the journal's web site and providing the manuscript to the recognizable patient for review before submission. The consent-to-disclose form should indicate specific use (publication in the medical literature in print and online, with the understanding that patients and the public will have access) of the patient's information and any images in figures or videos, and must contain the patient's signature or that of a legal guardian along with a statement that the patient or legal guardian has been offered the opportunity to review the identifying materials and the accompanying manuscript.

A specific declaration of such approval and consent-to-disclose form must be made in the Copyright Letter and in a stand-alone paragraph at the end of the Methods section especially in the case of human studies where inclusion of a statement regarding obtaining the written informed consent from each subject or subject's guardian is a must. The original should be retained by the guarantor or corresponding author. Editors may request to provide the original forms by fax or email.

RANDOMIZED DRUG CLINICAL TRIAL STUDIES

Randomized drug clinical trial studies are biomedical or health-related interventional and/or observational research studies conducted in phases in human beings who are randomly allocated to receive or not receive a preventive, therapeutic, or diagnostic intervention that follows a pre-defined protocol. The study is intended to determine the safety and efficacy of approaches to disease prevention, diagnosis and treatment.

Authors of randomized controlled trials are encouraged to submit trial protocols along with their manuscripts. All clinical trials must be registered (before recruitment of the first participant) at an appropriate online public trial registry that must be independent of for-profit interest (e.g., (www.clinicaltrials.gov/). If you wish the editor(s) to consider an unregistered trial, please explain briefly why the trial has not been registered.

  • All randomized clinical trials should include a flow diagram and authors should provide a completed randomized trial checklist (see CONSORT Flow Diagram and Checklist; www.consort-statement.org) and a trial protocol.
  • Studies of diagnostic accuracy must be reported according to STARD guidelines; (www.stard-statement.org)
  • Observational studies (cohort, case-control, or cross-sectional designs) must be reported according to the STROBE statement, and should be submitted with their protocols; (www.strobe-statement.org).
  • Genetic association studies must be reported according to STREGA guidelines; (www.medicine.uottawa.ca)
  • Systematic reviews and meta-analyses must be reported according to PRISMA guidelines; (www.prisma-statement.org)
  • To find the reporting guidelines see (www.equator-network.org)

Important points to remember while submitting clinical trials:

  • Trial registry name, registration identification number, and the URL for the registry should be included at the end of the abstract and also in the space provided on the online manuscript submission form. If your research article reports the results of a controlled health care intervention, list the trial registry, along with the unique identifying number (Please note that there should be no space between the letters and numbers of your trial registration number). Studies designed for other purposes, such as to study pharmacokinetics or major toxicity (e.g., phase 1 trials), are exempted.
  • All reports of randomized trials should include a section entitled “Randomization and Masking”, within the Methods section.
  • The manuscript must include a statement identifying the institutional and/or licensing committee that has approved the experiments, including any relevant details.
  • The SI system of units and the recommended international non-proprietary name (rINN) for drug names must be used. Kindly ensure that the dose, route, and frequency of administration of any drug you mention are correct.
  • Please ensure that the clinical trials sponsored by pharmaceutical companies follow the guidelines on good publication practice: (www.gpp-guidelines.org)

The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned requirements. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.

REFERENCES AND CITATIONS

All references must be complete and accurate. Use the American Psychological Association style, 6th Edition (London and Washington, DC, 2009, American Psychological Association) as a guide for formatting citations and references. This is a (name, date) system for citations. References are listed alphabetically at the end. A few examples are given below; more examples of the APA style and helpful suggestions for writing may be found on the website of Purdue University (owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/).

Citations of references in the text

Include the authors' last names and year of publication. For a work with two authors, include both authors' names each time the work is cited. For 3-6 authors, cite all authors the first time the reference occurs; thereafter include only the first author's surname followed by "et al." and the year of publication, e.g., Smith, Brown and Labelle (1990), or (Smith, Brown & Labelle, 1990), then (Smith et al. 1990). For more than 6 authors, use et al. from the first time the work is cited.

Citations should list authors in alphabetical order, for example, (Tang et al. 1987; Tozman & Kamal, 1987). Where two or more references would have the same text citation, add a, b, c, etc. to the year (Smith et al. 1979a; 1979b).

Use an ampersand (&) to join the final name in a citation in parentheses for more than two authors, e.g., (Smith, Labelle & Tang, 2009). However, if the authors are listed in the text as part of a sentence, use "and" as in the following example: "Smith, Labelle and Tang (2009) found …."

When using direct quotations, cite the page number for the quotation along with the source.

Reference List

References should be double-spaced, in alphabetical order and include the names of all authors for up to 7 authors. For more than seven, list the first 6 authors followed by an ellipsis, then the last author.

The first line of the entry is flush with the left margin, and all subsequent lines are indented (5 spaces or ½") to form a "hanging indent".

For articles accepted for publication, the words "in press" should be substituted for the year.

Personal communications may be cited in the text but are not listed in the references unless they are recoverable as archival materials.

Examples
Journal Articles

Hutson, H., Anglin, D., Kyriacou, D., Hart, J. & Spears, K. (1995). The epidemic of gang-related homicides in Los Angeles County from 1979 through 1994. Journal of the American Medical Association, 274, 1031-1036.

Whole Books

Curry, G. & Decker, S. (1998). Confronting gangs: Crime and community. Los Angeles, CA: Roxbury.

Edited Book

Gibbs, J.T., & Huang, L.N. (Eds.). (2001). Children of color: Psychological interventions with culturally diverse youth. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

No Author or Editor

Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). (2003). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.

Book Chapters: MUST INCLUDE PAGE NUMBERS

Hammond, K.R., & Adelman, L. (1986). Science, values, and human judgment. In H.R. Arkes & K.R. Hammond (Eds.), Judgment and decision making: An interdisciplinary reader (pp. 127-143). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Meeks, J. (1975). Group delinquent reaction. In Freedman A., Kaplan H. & Sadock B.S. (Eds.), Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry, (2nd ed. Vol. 2, pp. 2136-2142). Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.

Unpublished Manuscripts

Levine, S. (1999), Wraparound programs: a review of clinical roles, responsibilities, constraints, and possibilities, a report for the County of San Diego Health and Human Services Agency. Unpublished manuscript.

Government Documents

Usually these supply a preferred citation

U.S. General Accounting Office. (1995) School safety: Promising initiatives for addressing school violence. Report to the ranking minority member subcommittee on children and families, committee on labor and human resources (Publication No. GAO/HEHS-95-106). Washington, DC: Author.

Government Report, GPO Publisher

National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Article in An Internet-only journal

Fredrickson, B.L. (2000, March 7). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. Prevention & Treatment , 3 , Article 0001a. Retrieved from journals.apa.org/prevention/volume3/pre0030001a.html

Website

Goldberg, I. (2000). Dr. Ivan's depression central. Retrieved from www.psycom.net/depression.central.html.

Internet Citations

Give complete web address

Halsall, P. (1997), Modern history sourcebook: Maximilien Robespierre: Justification of the use of terror. Retrieved from www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/robespierre-terror.html

Some important points to remember

  • Use References as level one header (capitalize, bold center).
  • List references in alphabetical order
  • Put spaces after all commas and periods.
  • Do not use et al. in references (although it is used in text citations).
  • Give starting and ending pages for chapters and journal articles.
  • Capitalize only the first word and all proper nouns in titles of works, except for journal names

FIGURES / TABLES

Figures

Place the word Figure and the figure number under the figure, flush left in italics. The title of the figure goes next to the number in sentence case.

Figures/Illustrations

All authors must strictly follow the guidelines below for preparing illustrations for publication in Adolescent Psychiatry. If the figures are found to be sub-standard, then the manuscripts will be rejected.

The authors are expected to submit good quality figure(s) in PDF, PPT, MS Word, TIFF or JPEG versions, which, if required, should be improved yourself or by professional graphic designers of your organization/ country. You may even consider approaching our contracted service providers Eureka Science for Graphics Enhancement Services.

The Graphics Designing team at Eureka Science can assist in improving the quality of your images at affordable rates. Eureka Science has contracted special rates with us of US $125 for the improvement of up to five figures, with any additional figures being charged at US $20 each.

The quality of Graphic Enhancement Services offered by Eureka Science can be viewed at http://www.eureka-science.com/images/Binder1.pdf, along with valuable feedback on their services at http://www.eureka-science.com/testimonials.php. You may contact Eureka Science at info@eureka-science.com

Note: Availing Graphics Enhancement Services do not guarantee acceptance of the manuscript for publication. The final acceptance/decision on the manuscript is taken by the EiC.

Guideline for Figures/Illustrations

Illustrations must be provided according to the following guideline:

  • Illustrations should be embedded in the text file, and must be numbered consecutively in the order of their appearance. Each figure should include only a single illustration which should be cropped to minimize the amount of space occupied by the illustration.
  • If a figure is in separate parts, all parts of the figure must be provided in a single composite illustration file.
  • Photographs should be provided with a scale bar if appropriate, as well as high-resolution component files.

Scaling/Resolution

Line Art image type is normally an image based on lines and text. It does not contain tonal or shaded areas. The preferred file format should be TIFF or EPS, with the color mode being Monochrome 1-bit or RGB, in a resolution of 900-1200 dpi.

Halftone image type is a continuous tone photograph containing no text. It should have the preferred file format TIFF, with color mode being RGB or Grayscale, in a resolution of 300 dpi.

Combination image type is an image containing halftone, text or line art elements. It should have the preferred file format TIFF, with color mode being RGB or Grayscale, in a resolution of 500-900 dpi.

Formats

Illustrations may be submitted in the following file formats

  • Illustrator
  • EPS (preferred format for diagrams)
  • PDF (also especially suitable for diagrams)
  • PNG (preferred format for photos or images)
  • Microsoft Word (version 5 and above; figures must be a single page)
  • PowerPoint (figures must be a single page)
  • TIFF
  • JPEG (conversion should be done using the original file)
  • BMP
  • CDX (ChemDraw)
  • TGF (ISISDraw)

Bentham Science does not process figures submitted in GIF format.

For TIFF or EPS figures with considerably large file size restricting the file size in online submissions is advisable. Authors may therefore convert to JPEG format before submission as this results in significantly reduced file size and upload time, while retaining acceptable quality. JPEG is a ‘lossy’ format. However, in order to maintain acceptable image quality, it is recommended that JPEG files are saved at High or Maximum quality.

Zipit or Stuffit tools should not be used to compress files prior to submission as the resulting compression through these tools is always negligible.

Please refrain from supplying:

  1. Graphics embedded in word processor (spreadsheet, presentation) document.
  2. Optimized files optimized for screen use (like GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG) because of the low resolution.
  3. Files with too low a resolution.
  4. Graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

Technical requirements for graphic/ figure submissions.

Requirement
Width = 8.5 inches (In-between the required size)
Height = 11 inches (In-between the required size)
Pixels/Inches = 300 (minimum dpi)
All figures should be in vector scale (except half tone, photograph.)

Image Conversion Tools

There are many software packages, many of them freeware or shareware, capable of converting to and from different graphics formats, including PNG.

General tools for image conversion include Graphic Converter on the Macintosh, Paint Shop Pro, for Windows, and ImageMagick, available on Macintosh, Windows and UNIX platforms.

Bitmap images (e.g. screenshots) should not be converted to EPS as they result in a much larger file size than the equivalent JPEG, TIFF, PNG or BMP, and poor quality. EPS should only be used for images produced by vector-drawing applications such as Adobe Illustrator or CorelDraw. Most vector-drawing applications can be saved in, or exported as, EPS format. If the images were originally prepared in an Office application, such as Word or PowerPoint, original Office files should be directly uploaded to the site, instead of being converted to JPEG or another format of low quality.

Color Figures/Illustrations
  • The cost for color figures/plates/illustrations is US$ 515 per article for up to 3 colour pages and subsequently US$ 205.00 per page for any additional colour pages.
  • Color figures should be supplied in CMYK and not RGB colors.

Note for authors To maintain publication quality, figures submitted in colour will be published in colour only.

Tables
  • Data Tables should be submitted in Microsoft Word ® table format and should be on separate pages at the end of the manuscript. Each table should be on a separate page. Use decimal tabs to align numbers in tables.
  • Place the word Table and the table number above the table, flush left. Place the title of the table (in title case), double-spaced, under the table number, flush left in italics. See the APA manual for more information
  • Each table should include an explanatory title/caption with respect to the details discussed in the table. Detailed legends may then follow.
  • Table number in bold font i.e. Table 1, should precede a title. The title should be in bold and title case.. A full stop should be placed at the end of the title.
  • In the text, refer to the table by its number. Include a notation in the text about where the table or figure should be inserted, for example, <Insert Table 1 about here>.
  • Columns and rows of data should be made visibly distinct by ensuring that the borders of each cell are displayed as black lines.
  • Tables should be numbered in Arabic numerals sequentially in order of their citation in the body of the text.
  • If a reference is cited in both the table and text, please insert a footnote in the table to refer to the reference in the text.
  • Tabular data provided as additional files can be submitted as an Excel spreadsheet.

LANGUAGE AND EDITING

Manuscripts containing language inconsistencies will not be published. Authors should seek professional assistance for correction of grammatical, scientific and typographical errors before submission of the revised version of the article for publication. Professional editing services may also be sought by the team available at Bentham Science.

PROOF CORRECTIONS

Authors will receive page proofs of their accepted paper before publications. To avoid delays in publication, proofs should be checked immediately for typographical errors and returned within 48 hours. Major changes are not acceptable at the proof stage. If unable to send corrections within 48 hours due to some reason, the author(s) must at least send an acknowledgement on receiving the galley proofs or the article will be published exactly as received and the publishers will not be responsible for any error occurring in the published manuscript in this regard.

The corresponding author will be solely responsible for ensuring that the revised version of the manuscript incorporating all the submitted corrections receives the approval of all the co-authors of the manuscript.

OPEN ACCESS PLUS/REPRINTS

OPEN ACCESS PLUS

Bentham Science also offers authors the choice of “Open Access Plus” publication of articles at a fee of US$ 750 per article. This paid service allows for articles to be disseminated to a much wider audience, on the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). Authors are asked to indicate whether or not they wish to pay to have their article made more widely available on this “Open Access Plus” basis. Where an author does not opt-in to this paid service, then the author’s article will be published only on Bentham Science’s standard subscription-based access, at no additional cost to the author.

Authors who select the “Quick Track” publication option (see below) and also wish to have their article made available on an “Open Access Plus” basis will be entitled to a 50% discount on the “Open Access Plus” publication fee.

For more information please contact us at e-mail: openaccess@benthamscience.org

REPRINTS

Printed reprints and e-prints may be ordered from the Publisher prior to publication of the article. First named authors may also order a personal online subscription of the journal at 50% off the normal subscription rate by contacting the subscription department at e-mail: subscriptions@benthamscience.org

E-PUB AHEAD OF SCHEDULE

Bentham Science Publishers are pleased to offer electronic publication of accepted papers prior to scheduled publication. These peer-reviewed papers can be cited using the date of access and the unique DOI number. Any final changes in manuscripts will be made at the time of print publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. Articles ahead of schedule may be ordered by pay-per-view at the relevant links by each article stated via the E-Pub Ahead of Schedule.

Disclaimer

Articles appearing in E-Pub Ahead-of-Schedule sections have been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication in this journal and posted online before scheduled publication. Articles appearing here may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Accordingly, Bentham Science Publishers, the editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained of articles in the E-Pub Ahead-of-Schedule.

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