Any topic relevant to adolescent development and psychopathology is appropriate for submission to Adolescent Psychiatry. Its primary readership comprises of clinicians who work with adolescents. Authors are welcome to submit abstracts on-line which will be reviewed and authors given feedback regarding the appropriateness of the topic and advisability of submitting a manuscript. Please read the instructions for preparation and submission of manuscripts carefully. Manuscripts that do not conform to these guidelines will be returned to the author for correction before being considered for publication.
Author Form It is mandatory that a signed Authorship / Copyright / Disclosure / Acknowledgment Form also be submitted along with the manuscript by the corresponding author. Click here to download this form
All manuscripts must be submitted electronically to http://jms.eurekaselect.com/Login/show_login. The editor is happy to provide preliminary feedback as to the appropriateness of a topic for the journal prior to formal submission of a manuscript and may be contacted at email@example.com. Submitted articles that have passed preliminary screening for topicality and readability will undergo blind peer review by at least 3 reviewers. The usual review period is 6 weeks. Papers accepted for publication are typeset and proofs are dispatched to authors for any corrections prior to final publication.
For journals and eBooks, the following publication policies are applied by Bentham Science.
Bentham Science Publishers follows the single blind peer-review procedure for submissions of all manuscripts to its journals, except for a selected number of patent journals where double blind review is followed.
All submitted articles/eBook chapters are subjected to an extensive peer review in consultation with members of the journal’s editorial board and independent external referees (usually three reviewers). All manuscripts/chapters are assessed rapidly and the decision based on all the peer reviewers' comments, taken by the journal’s Editor-in-Chief/eBook Editor, is then conveyed to the author(s).
Submissions from the Editor-in-Chief will undergo independent peer-review and will be submitted to another Editor for his decision on acceptance.
Articles and eBook chapters must be written in good English in a clear and correct style in order to maintain uniformity throughout the text. Articles/chapters submitted are copyedited before they are published.
High-quality, bound/unbound, print/e-prints can be purchased for all published articles and book chapters.
Articles/chapters must be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript, and should not be submitted by anyone on their behalf. The principal/corresponding author will be required to submit a Copyright Letter along with the manuscript, on behalf of all the co-authors (if any). The author(s) will confirm that the manuscript (or any part of it) has not been published previously or is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. Furthermore, any illustration, structure or table that has been published elsewhere must be reported, and copyright permission for reproduction must be obtained.
Generally, the editorial decisions are not reverted. However, authors who think that their manuscript was rejected due to a misunderstanding or mistake may seek an explanation for the decision. Appeals must give sound reasoning and compelling evidence against the criticism raised in the rejection letter. A difference of opinion as to the interest, novelty, or suitability of the manuscript for the journal will not be considered as an appeal. The EIC and other relevant editors will consider the appeal and the decision thereafter taken by the journal will be deemed final. Acceptance of the manuscript is not guaranteed even if the journal agrees to reconsider the manuscript, and the reconsideration process may involve previous or new reviewers or editors and substantive revision.
Authors who wish to make a complaint should refer them to the Editor-in-Chief of the journal concerned. Complaints to the Publisher may be emailed to firstname.lastname@example.org
Financial contributions to the work being reported should be clearly acknowledged, as should any potential conflict of interest.
Bentham Science uses the iThenticate software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. iThenticate software checks content against a database of periodicals, the Internet, and a comprehensive article database. It generates a similarity report, highlighting the percentage of overlap between the uploaded article and the published material. Any instance of content overlap is further scrutinized for suspected plagiarism according to the publisher’s Editorial Policies. Bentham Science allows an overall similarity of 20% for a manuscript to be considered for publication. The similarity percentage is further checked keeping the following important points in view
The text of every submitted manuscript is checked using the Content Tracking mode in iThenticate. The Content Tracking mode ensures that manuscripts with an overall low percentage similarity (but may have a higher similarity from a single source) are not overlooked. The acceptable limit for similarity of text from a single source is 5%. If the similarity level is above 5%, the manuscript is returned to the author for paraphrasing the text and citing the original source of the copied material.
It is important to mention that the text taken from different sources with an overall low similarity percentage will be considered as a plagiarized content if the majority of the article is a combination of copied material.
There may be some manuscripts with an overall low similarity percentage, but a higher percentage from a single source. A manuscript may have less than 20% overall similarity but there may be 15% similar text taken from a single article. The similarity index in such cases is higher than the approved limit for a single source. Authors are advised to thoroughly rephrase the similar text and properly cite the original source to avoid plagiarism and copyright violation.
We all know that scholarly manuscripts are written after thorough review of previously published articles. It is therefore not easy to draw a clear boundary between legitimate representation and plagiarism. However, the following important features can assist in identifying different kinds of plagiarized content. These are:
Published manuscripts which are found to contain plagiarized text are retracted from the journal’s website after careful investigation and approval by the Editor-in-Chief of the journal. A ‘Retraction Note’ as well as a link to the original article is published on the electronic version of the plagiarized manuscript and an addendum with retraction notification in the particular journal.
Accepted articles can be published online for free open access. Open access publishing provides maximum dissemination of the article to the largest audience. All authors will be asked to indicate whether or not they wish to pay to have their paper made freely available on publication. If authors do not select the 'Open Access Plus' option, then their article will be published with standard subscription-based access.
Editors/Authors who contribute in a Bentham’s Journal/eBook will transfer copyright to their work to Bentham Science Publishers. Submission of a manuscript to the respective journals implies that all editors/authors have read and agreed to the content of the copyright letter.
For human or animal experimental investigations, it is a prerequisite to provide a formal review and approval, or review and waiver, by an appropriate institutional review board or ethics committee, which should be documented in the paper. For investigations undertaken on human subjects, the manner in which the informed consent was obtained from the study participants (i.e., oral or written) should be stated in the Methods section.
Authors are encouraged to obtain patient consent when they use confidential case material. Consent is not necessary in the case of very brief case vignettes which do not contain identifying information or if the case material is disguised sufficiently to prevent identification of the patient.
In obtaining consent, the author(s) should discuss the purpose(s) of publication, the possible risks and benefits to the patient and the patient's right to withhold or withdraw consent. In the case of a minor patient, consent should be obtained from the parent(s) or guardian(s).
All clinical investigations must be conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki principles. Authors must comply with the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (www.icmje.org) with regard to the patient’s consent for research or participation in a study. Patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers must not be mentioned anywhere in the manuscript (including figures). Editors may request that authors provide documentation of the formal review and recommendation from the institutional review board or ethics committee responsible for oversight of the study.
Authors and readers are encouraged to notify the Editor-in-Chief if they find errors in published content, authors’ names and affiliations or if they have reasons for concern over the legitimacy of a publication. In such cases the journal will publish an ERRATUM in consultation with Editor-in-Chief and authors of the article, and/or replace or retract the article.
Articles in Press (articles that have been accepted for publication or published as E-pub Ahead of Schedule but which have not been formally published with volume/issue/page information) that include errors, or are determined to violate the publishing ethics guidelines such as multiple submission, fake claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like, may be “Withdrawn” from the journal. Withdrawal means that the article files are removed and replaced with a PDF stating that the article has been withdrawn from the journal in accordance with BSP Editorial Policies.
Published articles (with volume/issue/page information) which may contain infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submissions, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like are retracted.
Abstracts and posters of conferences, results presented at meetings (for example, to inform investigators or participants about findings), results databases (data without interpretation, discussion, context or conclusions in the form of tables and text to describe data/information where this is not easily presented in tabular form) are not considered prior publication.
Authors who wish to publish translations of the articles that have been published elsewhere should ensure that they have appropriate permission(s), indicate clearly that the material has been translated and re-published, and indicate clearly the original source of the material. The Editor-in-Chief may request copies of related publications if he/she is concerned about overlap and possible redundancy.
Bentham Science has collaborated with the Copyright Clearance Center to meet its customer’s licensing, besides rights & permission needs.
The Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink® service makes it faster and easier to secure permission from Bentham Science journal titles. Simply visit Journals by Title and locate the desired content. Then go to the article’s abstract and click on “Rights and Permissions” to open the RightsLink’s page. If you are unable to locate the content you wish to use or are unable to secure the rights you are seeking, please e-mail us at email@example.com
Published/reproduced material should not be included unless written permission has been obtained from the copyright holder, which should be forwarded to the Editorial Office in case of acceptance of the article for publication.
Responsibility for the content published by Bentham Science Publishers in any of its journals, including any opinions expressed therein, rests exclusively with the author(s) of such content. To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, BSP (on its own behalf, and on behalf of its staff and members of its editorial board) disclaims responsibility for any and all injury and/or damage (whether financial or otherwise) to persons or property, resulting directly or indirectly from any ideas, methods, instructions or products (including errors in the same) referred to in the content of any of BSP’s journals. Any dispute arising, including any claim shall be governed exclusively by the laws of the United Arab Emirates, as applied in the Emirate of Sharjah.
Authors who publish in Bentham Science print & online journals will transfer copyright to their work to Bentham Science Publishers. Submission of a manuscript to the respective journals implies that all authors have read and agreed to the content of the Copyright Letter or the Terms and Conditions. It is a condition of publication that manuscripts submitted to this journal have not been published and will not be simultaneously submitted or published elsewhere. Plagiarism is strictly forbidden, and by submitting the article for publication the authors agree that the publishers have the legal right to take appropriate action against the authors, if plagiarism or fabricated information is discovered. By submitting a manuscript the authors agree that the copyright of their article is transferred to the publishers if and when the article is accepted for publication. Once submitted to the journal, the author will not withdraw their manuscript at any stage prior to publication.
It is mandatory that a signed copyright letter also be submitted along with the manuscript by the author to whom correspondence is to be addressed, delineating the scope of the submitted article declaring the potential competing interests, acknowledging contributions from authors and funding agencies, and certifying that the paper is prepared according to the 'Instructions for Authors'. All inconsistencies in the text and in the reference section, and any typographical errors must be carefully checked and corrected before the submission of the manuscript. The article should not contains any such material or information that may be unlawful, defamatory, fabricated, plagiarized, or which would, if published, in any way whatsoever, violate the terms and conditions as laid down in the copyright agreement. The authors acknowledge that the publishers have the legal right to take appropriate action against the authors for any such violation of the terms and conditions as laid down in the copyright agreement. Download the Copyright letter
Bentham Science has collaborated with the Copyright Clearance Center to meet our customer’s licensing, besides rights & permission needs.
The Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink® service makes it faster and easier to secure permission from Bentham Science’s journal titles. Simply visit Journals by Title and locate the desired content. Then go to the article’s abstract and click on “Rights and Permissions” to open the RightsLink’s page. If you are unable to locate the content you wish to use or you are unable to secure the rights you are seeking, please e-mail us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Published/reproduced material should not be included unless written permission has been obtained from the copyright holder, which should be forwarded to the Editorial Office in case of acceptance of the article for publication.
By signing the Copyright Letter the authors retain the rights of self-archiving. Following are the important features of self-archiving policy of Bentham Science journals
Research articles should present data not published elsewhere. Research can be qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods. Article length can be 4000-8000 words with 75 or more references excluding figures, structures, photographs, schemes, tables etc. Each manuscript should clearly state an objective or hypothesis; the design and methods (including the study setting and dates, patients or participants with inclusion and exclusion criteria, or data sources, and how these were selected for the study); the essential features of any interventions; the main outcome measures; the main results of the study; a comment section placing the results in context with the published literature and addressing study limitations; and the conclusions. Data included in research reports must be original.
Reviews of important topics in adolescent psychiatry are accepted as submissions or are solicited by the editor. They should be 8000-9000 words with 100 or more references, and for mini-review articles from 3000 to 6000 words with 100 or more references excluding figures, structures, photographs, schemes, tables etc. Authors should contact the editor prior to submitting a review article. It is important that the review article not duplicate existing reviews and also provide critical appraisal of the literature and identify gaps in knowledge and areas of controversy. Scholarly theoretical papers that address important areas of adolescent development and/or psychopathology are welcomed.
These can cover a variety of topics that are relevant to adolescent mental health. Usual length is 3000 words.
Clinical perspectives may involve case reports or case series, in which the case(s) is/are used to illustrate and discuss a clinical question, or aspect(s) of a disorder. These articles describe clinical manifestations, history, and differential diagnosis, and should include a review of the literature pertaining to the clinical problem, associated psychosocial contributing factors, prognosis, treatment and prevention.
400 words including references.
Case reports should describe new observations of findings or novel/unique outcomes relevant to the filed. The total number of words for a published case report is 1500 to 2000 words with 20 or more references.
These special issues are peer-reviewed and may contain invited or uninvited review/mini-review articles. A Single Topic Issue Editor will offer a short perspective and co-ordinate the solicitation of manuscripts between 3-5 (for a mini-thematic issue) to 6-10 (for full-length thematic issue) from leading scientists. Authors interested in editing a single topic issue in an emerging topic of Adolescent Psychiatry may submit their proposal to the Editor-in-Chief at email@example.com for consideration.
The manuscript should be written in English in a clear, direct and active style. Microsoft Word® is the preferred file format for submission of manuscript. Double-space the entire copy, including title page, abstract, list of references, tables, and figure captions in a 10 point font size using Times New Roman 12-point font. The manuscript style must be uniform throughout the text. After the title page, number pages consecutively throughout including the reference pages, tables, and figure legends. Other than for the title page and financial disclosure, blinding is the responsibility of the author. Files should be labeled with appropriate and descriptive file names (e.g. SmithText.doc, SmithFig1.pdf). There is no restriction on the number of figures, tables or additional files e.g. video clips, animation and datasets, that can be included with each article online. Authors should include all relevant supporting data with each article (Refer to Supplementary Material section).
The manuscript file should be uploaded in its native format, such as *.DOC.
Manuscripts with serious deficiencies in English may be returned without review. Our contracted service provider Eureka Science can provide assistance to authors for the preparation of manuscripts, including editing of manuscripts for non-English speaking authors.
Manuscripts submitted for research and review articles in the respective journal should be divided into the following sections
The title of the article should be precise and brief and must not be more than 120 characters. Authors should avoid the use of non-standard abbreviations and question marks in titles. The first letter of each word should be in capital letters except for articles, conjunctions and prepositions.
Authors should also provide a short 'running title with no more than 80 characters'. Title, running title, byline, correspondent footnote, and keywords should be written as presented in the original manuscript.
Title page should include paper title, each author(s) full name and institutional affiliation and location, For multiple authors, place a superscript after each author’s name and indicate the institutional affiliation below. Place an asterisk following the name of the principal/corresponding author, and include the statement.
*Address correspondence to this author at: address, along with phone, fax and email. Please see example.
The abstract of an article should be its clear, concise and accurate summary, having no more than 250 words, and including the explicit sub-headings (as in-line or run-in headings in bold). Use of abbreviations should be avoided and the references should not be cited in the abstract. Ideally, each abstract should include the following sub-headings, but these may vary according to requirements of the article.
6 to 8 keywords must be provided. Choose important and relevant keywords that researchers in your field will be searching for so that your paper will appear in a database search. In biomedical fields, MeSH terms are a good ‘common vocabulary’ source to draw keywords from https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/meshhome.html.
Following the introduction, papers should be divided into appropriate sections with headings. For a typical research paper, main headings would be Method, Results and Discussion. For a review article, headings might include Literature Review, Case Examples, Discussion, and Summary. The Discussion section should include implications for clinical practice, recommendations or guidelines, and needs for further study
Level 1 headings (for the main sections) are centered, boldface, with all letters capitalized
Level 2 headings are flush with left margin, boldface, first letter of each word capitalized (title case).
Level 3 headings are indented, boldface, capitalize only the first letter of sentence or phrase, end with a period. These headings are sometimes referred to as paragraph or run-in headings. Although they end with a period (or other punctuation) they need not be complete sentences or grammatically correct.
METHOD (Level 1)
Sample and Participant Selection (level 2)
The sample consisted of adolescents who presented in our clinic with problem eating. All adolescents and their families who were identified at the time of the initial intake interview as having had problem eating were offered the opportunity to participate in this study. "Problem eating" was defined as a positive reply to the question, "Have you ever been concerned that you (your family member) might have an eating problem."
Assessments and Measures (level 2)
Family observation protocol. Families were observed eating a meal together in their homes. (Level 3)
Rating scales. The Rating Scale for Family Interaction (Smith, 008) was used to record observations. (Level 3)
The full term for an abbreviation should precede its first appearance in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement. For example, Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with significant functional impairment. BPD can be difficult to recognize in some patients.
Use the generic term for a drug. When it is necessary to refer to the proprietary name, list it in parentheses after the generic term, followed by the register mark (®).Italics should be used for Binomial names of organisms (Genus and Species), for emphasis and for unfamiliar words or phrases. Non-assimilated words from Latin or other languages should also be italicized e.g. per se, et al. etc.
When material is quoted directly, the original material should be followed exactly, including all punctuation and italics. Quotations must be taken from the edition of the book that is listed in the references. All quoted passages must be followed by source page numbers.
(Fewer than 6 typewritten lines) should be incorporated into the text. The attribution, with the date in parentheses, should, whenever possible, precede the quote as part of the text; the page number, in parentheses, should follow the closing quotation marks, which are followed by the final period, e.g., Freud (1933) wrote, ". . ." (p. 5).
Longer passages should be indented and set off from the rest of the text in a separate paragraph.
Wherever possible and reasonable, sexist writing should be avoided by making sentences plural. When speaking of the therapeutic dyad, however, you will have to use singular pronouns. The therapist may always be a female and the patient always male, or vice versa; him or her can be used when doing so doesn't make for too awkward a sentence.
Greek symbols and special characters often undergo formatting changes and get corrupted or lost during preparation of manuscript for publication. To ensure that all special characters used are embedded in the text, these special characters should be inserted as a symbol but should not be a result of any format styling (Symbol font face) otherwise they will be lost during conversion to PDF/XML.
A small paragraph summarizing the contents of the article, presenting the final outcome of the research or proposing further study on the subject, may be given at the end of the article under the Conclusion section.
The Introduction section should include the background and aims of the research in a comprehensive manner.
Section headings should be numbered sequentially, left aligned and have the first letter capitalized, starting with the introduction. Sub-section headings however, should be in lower-case and italicized with their initials capitalized. They should be numbered as 1.1, 1.2, etc. A page break may be inserted to keep a heading along with its text.
This section provides details of the methodology used along with information on any previous efforts with corresponding references. Any details for further modifications and research should be included.
Repeated information should not be reported in the text of an article. A calculation section must include experimental data, facts and practical development from a theoretical perspective.
Results should be precise.
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, and present reproducible procedure. Extensive citations and discussion of published literature should be avoided.
The Results and discussions may be presented individually or combined in a single section with short and informative headings.
We do encourage authors to append supportive material, for example a PowerPoint file containing a talk about the study, a PowerPoint file containing additional screenshots, a Word, RTF, or PDF document showing the original instrument(s) used, a video, or the original data (SAS/SPSS files, Excel files, Access Db files etc.) provided it is endorsed by the journal's Editor. A bibliography of additional resources or recommended reading other than that included in the reference list may also be included with the approval of the Editor.
Supportive/Supplementary material intended for publication must be numbered and referred to in the manuscript but should not be a part of the submitted paper. In-text citations as well as a section with the heading "Supportive/Supplementary Material" before the "References" section should be provided. Here, list all Supportive/Supplementary Material and include a brief caption line for each file describing its contents.
Any additional files will be linked to the final published article in the form supplied by the author, but will not be displayed within the paper. They will be made available in exactly the same form as originally provided only on our Web site. Please also make sure that each additional file is a single table, figure or movie (please do not upload linked worksheets or PDF files larger than one sheet). Supportive/ Supplementary material must be provided in a single zipped file not larger than 4 MB.
Authors must clearly indicate if these files are not for publication but meant for the reviewers'/editors' perusal only.
Financial contributions and any potential conflict of interest must be clearly acknowledged under the heading ‘Conflict of Interest’. Authors must list the source(s) of funding for the study. This should be done for each author.
All individuals listed as authors must have contributed substantially to the design, performance, analysis, or reporting of the work and are required to indicate their specific contribution. Anyone (individual/company/institution) who has substantially contributed to the study for important intellectual content, or who was involved in the article’s drafting the manuscript or revising must also be acknowledged.
Guest or honorary authorship based solely on position (e.g. research supervisor, departmental head) is discouraged.
The specific requirements for authorship have been defined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors www.icmje.org Examples of authors' contributions are: 'designed research/study', 'performed research/study', 'contributed important reagents', 'collected data', 'analyzed data', 'wrote paper' etc. This information must be included in the submitted manuscript as a separate paragraph under the heading ‘Acknowledgements’. The corresponding author is responsible for obtaining permission from all co-authors for the submission of any version of the manuscript and for any changes in the authorship.
Standard Protocol on Approvals, Registrations, Patient Consents & Animal Protection: All clinical investigations must be conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki principles. Authors must comply with the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (www.icmje.org/) with regard to the patient's consent for research or participation in a study. Patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers must not be mentioned anywhere in the manuscript (including figures). Editors may request that authors provide documentation of the formal review and recommendation from the institutional review board or ethics committee responsible for oversight of the study.
In addition to the standard patient consent for participation in research, authors are responsible for obtaining patient consent-to-disclose forms for all recognizable patients in photographs, videos, or other information that may be published in the Journal, in derivative works, or on the journal's web site and providing the manuscript to the recognizable patient for review before submission. The consent-to-disclose form should indicate specific use (publication in the medical literature in print and online, with the understanding that patients and the public will have access) of the patient's information and any images in figures or videos, and must contain the patient's signature or that of a legal guardian along with a statement that the patient or legal guardian has been offered the opportunity to review the identifying materials and the accompanying manuscript.
A specific declaration of such approval and consent-to-disclose form must be made in the Copyright Letter and in a stand-alone paragraph at the end of the Methods section especially in the case of human studies where inclusion of a statement regarding obtaining the written informed consent from each subject or subject's guardian is a must. The original should be retained by the guarantor or corresponding author. Editors may request to provide the original forms by fax or email.
Randomized drug clinical trial studies are biomedical or health-related interventional and/or observational research studies conducted in phases in human beings who are randomly allocated to receive or not receive a preventive, therapeutic, or diagnostic intervention that follows a pre-defined protocol. The study is intended to determine the safety and efficacy of approaches to disease prevention, diagnosis and treatment.
Authors of randomized controlled trials are encouraged to submit trial protocols along with their manuscripts. All clinical trials must be registered (before recruitment of the first participant) at an appropriate online public trial registry that must be independent of for-profit interest (e.g., (www.clinicaltrials.gov/). If you wish the editor(s) to consider an unregistered trial, please explain briefly why the trial has not been registered.
Important points to remember while submitting clinical trials:
The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned requirements. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.
All references must be complete and accurate. Use the American Psychological Association style, 6th Edition (London and Washington, DC, 2009, American Psychological Association) as a guide for formatting citations and references. This is a (name, date) system for citations. References are listed alphabetically at the end. A few examples are given below; more examples of the APA style and helpful suggestions for writing may be found on the website of Purdue University (owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/).
Include the authors' last names and year of publication. For a work with two authors, include both authors' names each time the work is cited. For 3-6 authors, cite all authors the first time the reference occurs; thereafter include only the first author's surname followed by "et al." and the year of publication, e.g., Smith, Brown and Labelle (1990), or (Smith, Brown & Labelle, 1990), then (Smith et al. 1990). For more than 6 authors, use et al. from the first time the work is cited.
Citations should list authors in alphabetical order, for example, (Tang et al. 1987; Tozman & Kamal, 1987). Where two or more references would have the same text citation, add a, b, c, etc. to the year (Smith et al. 1979a; 1979b).
Use an ampersand (&) to join the final name in a citation in parentheses for more than two authors, e.g., (Smith, Labelle & Tang, 2009). However, if the authors are listed in the text as part of a sentence, use "and" as in the following example: "Smith, Labelle and Tang (2009) found …."
When using direct quotations, cite the page number for the quotation along with the source.
References should be double-spaced, in alphabetical order and include the names of all authors for up to 7 authors. For more than seven, list the first 6 authors followed by an ellipsis, then the last author.
The first line of the entry is flush with the left margin, and all subsequent lines are indented (5 spaces or ½") to form a "hanging indent".
For articles accepted for publication, the words "in press" should be substituted for the year.
Personal communications may be cited in the text but are not listed in the references unless they are recoverable as archival materials.
Hutson, H., Anglin, D., Kyriacou, D., Hart, J. & Spears, K. (1995). The epidemic of gang-related homicides in Los Angeles County from 1979 through 1994. Journal of the American Medical Association, 274, 1031-1036.
Curry, G. & Decker, S. (1998). Confronting gangs: Crime and community. Los Angeles, CA: Roxbury.
Gibbs, J.T., & Huang, L.N. (Eds.). (2001). Children of color: Psychological interventions with culturally diverse youth. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). (2003). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.
Hammond, K.R., & Adelman, L. (1986). Science, values, and human judgment. In H.R. Arkes & K.R. Hammond (Eds.), Judgment and decision making: An interdisciplinary reader (pp. 127-143). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Meeks, J. (1975). Group delinquent reaction. In Freedman A., Kaplan H. & Sadock B.S. (Eds.), Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry, (2nd ed. Vol. 2, pp. 2136-2142). Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.
Levine, S. (1999), Wraparound programs: a review of clinical roles, responsibilities, constraints, and possibilities, a report for the County of San Diego Health and Human Services Agency. Unpublished manuscript.
Usually these supply a preferred citation
U.S. General Accounting Office. (1995) School safety: Promising initiatives for addressing school violence. Report to the ranking minority member subcommittee on children and families, committee on labor and human resources (Publication No. GAO/HEHS-95-106). Washington, DC: Author.
National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Fredrickson, B.L. (2000, March 7). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. Prevention & Treatment , 3 , Article 0001a. Retrieved from journals.apa.org/prevention/volume3/pre0030001a.html
Goldberg, I. (2000). Dr. Ivan's depression central. Retrieved from www.psycom.net/depression.central.html.
Give complete web address
Halsall, P. (1997), Modern history sourcebook: Maximilien Robespierre: Justification of the use of terror. Retrieved from www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/robespierre-terror.html
Some important points to remember
Place the word Figure and the figure number under the figure, flush left in italics. The title of the figure goes next to the number in sentence case.
All authors must strictly follow the guidelines below for preparing illustrations for publication in Adolescent Psychiatry. If the figures are found to be sub-standard, then the manuscripts will be rejected and the authors offered the option of figure improvement professionally by Eureka Science. The costs for such improvement will be charged to the authors.
Illustrations should be provided as separate files, embedded in the text file, and must be numbered consecutively in the order of their appearance. Each figure should include only a single illustration which should be cropped to minimize the amount of space occupied by the illustration.
If a figure is in separate parts, all parts of the figure must be provided in a single composite illustration file.
Photographs should be provided with a scale bar if appropriate, as well as high-resolution component files.
Line Art image type is normally an image based on lines and text. It does not contain tonal or shaded areas. The preferred file format should be TIFF or EPS, with the color mode being Monochrome 1-bit or RGB, in a resolution of 900-1200 dpi.
Halftone image type is a continuous tone photograph containing no text. It should have the preferred file format TIFF, with color mode being RGB or Grayscale, in a resolution of 300 dpi.
Combination image type is an image containing halftone, text or line art elements. It should have the preferred file format TIFF, with color mode being RGB or Grayscale, in a resolution of 500-900 dpi.
Illustrations may be submitted in the following file formats
Bentham Science does not process figures submitted in GIF format.
For TIFF or EPS figures with considerably large file size restricting the file size in online submissions is advisable. Authors may therefore convert to JPEG format before submission as this results in significantly reduced file size and upload time, while retaining acceptable quality. JPEG is a ‘lossy’ format. However, in order to maintain acceptable image quality, it is recommended that JPEG files are saved at High or Maximum quality.
Zipit or Stuffit tools should not be used to compress files prior to submission as the resulting compression through these tools is always negligible.
Please refrain from supplying:
There are many software packages, many of them freeware or shareware, capable of converting to and from different graphics formats, including PNG.
General tools for image conversion include Graphic Converter on the Macintosh, Paint Shop Pro, for Windows, and ImageMagick, available on Macintosh, Windows and UNIX platforms.
Bitmap images (e.g. screenshots) should not be converted to EPS as they result in a much larger file size than the equivalent JPEG, TIFF, PNG or BMP, and poor quality. EPS should only be used for images produced by vector-drawing applications such as Adobe Illustrator or CorelDraw. Most vector-drawing applications can be saved in, or exported as, EPS format. If the images were originally prepared in an Office application, such as Word or PowerPoint, original Office files should be directly uploaded to the site, instead of being converted to JPEG or another format of low quality.
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